What are Gingivitis and Periodontitis?
Gum disease is a common oral condition that causes gums to become swollen, sore or infected. Gum disease is experienced by most adults in the UK to at least a small degree, but it is much less common among children. If left untreated, gum disease can cause serious dental health problems including periodontitis and tooth loss.
Gum disease is manifested in two forms:
- Gingivitis The earliest stage of gum disease, causing an inflammation and some bleeding of the gums caused by plaque buildup at the gumline. Gingivitis causes gum inflammation but no bone loss.
- Periodontitis The second stage where the supporting bone and fibers that hold your teeth in place are damaged causing bone damage and loss.
The Progression of Gum Disease
Periodontitis is a common complaint affecting approximately 50% of U.S. adults over the age of 30 years. It occurs in people who have preexisting gingivitis which is itself caused by the accumulation of bacteria at the gum line (dental plaque). Your gums may begin to form a pocket below the gumline, which traps food and plaque. If left untreated, plaque calcifies to form dental calculus. Dental calculus must be removed completely by the dentist in order to treat gingivitis and periodontitis. Proper dental treatment and improved home care can usually help prevent further damage. If left untreated, bone supporting your teeth can be destroyed, causing your teeth to shift or loosen.
Treatment of Gum Disease
Our office uses the following services and technologies to treat gum disease:
- COMPUTERIZED CHARTING Dr Aisha Ahmed and her team use advanced computer software to measure the depth of periodontally infected areas, as well as healthy areas. They can then compare readings from one appointment to the next, providing you with a graphic printout to demonstrate your progress and to help you identify where you should improve your home dental care.
- CAVITRON ULTRASONIC INSTRUMENTATION We use the most modern and advanced ultrasonic equipment available to remone plaque build up quickly and comfortably from around the gum. This helps to remove the early symptoms of gum disease and prevent the advancement of the disease.
- SOFT TISSUE THERAPYSale Dental Spa’s periodontal therapist has been specially trained to thoroughly remove bacteria and plaque from around the roots of your teeth, which is key to eliminating the more advanced periodontal disease.
- PERIO PROTECT®Perio Protect is a comprehensive method of gum disease treatment that can be customised to suit each individual patient. The treatment helps patients to manage biofilms, which are communities of bacteria growing in the spaces between teeth and gum tissue. The goal of the Perio Protect treatment is to manage oral biofilm using minimally invasive dentistry to promote lasting oral health and promote the repair of previously damaged areas of tissue.
- CAVI-JET As well as the traditional buffing and polishing treatments that are offered during dentist and hygienist appointments, Dr Aisha Ahmed and her team also offer air polishing treatment that removes stains from the teeth quickly and comfortably.
Prevention of Gum Disease
Do I Need Any Aftercare?
Once your treatment is complete, or between appointments, your dentist and hygienist will instruct you on how to maintain good dental hygiene routines at home. Daily oral hygiene practices are vital to preventing the onset and development of gum disease. Brushing and flossing are important when it comes to keeping your teeth free from bacteria and plaque, and it is important to maintain a routine of regular dentist visits for cleaning and examinations.
How can I prevent gum disease?
In order to prevent the onset of gum disease, it is important to make sure you have an efficient and complete dental hygiene routine that you undergo each and every day. Brushing twice a day and flossing will help you to prevent the build up of plaque, which will reduce the onset of tartar build up and prevent gum disease. Regular visits to the dentist are also an important part of preventing gum disease. Dentist and hygienist visits will provide deep cleaning that will remove any signs of bacteria or tartar that has already built up around the teeth, while providing you with further advice on how to prevent gum disease.
What are the early signs of gum disease?
The most common early sign of gum disease is bleeding gums, which will often leave bleed in toothpaste when you are brushing your teeth. This is a sign that bacteria build up is leading to plaque, which leads to inflamed and sore gums that bleed easily. Another common sign is bad breath, which is caused by the bacteria build up around teeth and in between teeth and gums.
What are the main causes of gum disease?
The main cause of gum disease is poor oral hygiene, which results in the build of up bacteria around teeth and gums. However, the level of bacteria in your mouth are significantly increased with the consumption of certain foods, such as sugary foods, crisps, and fizzy drinks. Smoking also increase the chances of gum disease and smoker should consider more regular visits to the dentist.